What is commonly called sunspots on the skin are actually an excess of pigmentation and occur when the body produces an exaggerated amount of melanin, which is the substance that gives color to the skin, hair, and eyes.
Causes of sunspots
A dermatologist explains that the main cause of the appearance of these darkening in the skin is prolonged exposure to the sun. This is easy to understand if we take into account that when we sunbath the body releases melanin to protect us from UVA rays. Then the skin becomes darker, which is what we know as “getting brown,” and when we stop exposing ourselves to the sun, the skin regenerates and returns to its usual color. But as we get older this regenerative capacity decreases and the spots can start to appear. In addition, at older ages, the skin is more fragile and there is a greater tendency for this problem to arise. Keep reading https://www.wikihow.com/Get-Rid-of-Sunspots
They can also appear due to hormonal alterations or genetic problems, dermatological treatments or dermatological lesions.
They usually appear in the areas of greatest sun exposure, such as the face, hands and arms.
The doctor reminds us that it is also important to emphasize that not all the spots that we see on our skin have to belong to this category of a dermatological anomaly, so before entering into any type of treatment it is advisable to go to the specialist to assess our spots and discard important lesions such as melanoma.
Regarding the way to address these spots, the specialist tells us about the different treatments that are used today in your practice.
How to remove sunspots
Treatment options for sunspots
- Depigmenting creams they are based on their active principles, which are usually of the hydroquinone or kojic acid type, with depigmenting potential, which is usually added an antioxidant formula and some type of acid to increase its potency. The treatment is individualized and followed closely by the specialist.
- Depigmenting masks. They are similar to the previous ones, but they are applied in consultation and enhance the action of the creams.
- Depigmentation peelings. These treatments depend a lot on the type of sunspot that you want to eliminate and are based on exfoliation.
- Cryotherapy and electrocoagulation. They are used in cases of simple solar lentigines or seborrheic keratosis.
- Micro-needling or microneedles. It combines the effect of an acid in solution with the micro-perforations caused by the needles and is very effective even in dark skins and high phenotypes.
- Treatment with light. The most commonly used is pulsed light, but it has the disadvantage that there is a high rate of reappearance.
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